Lifeguard Candidates | Highfield International

Minimum Lifeguard Candidate Training Requirements

Basic life support (BLS) and first aid:

The BLS and first-aid skills of learners may be assessed/trained (both theory and practical) prior to them enrolling on their lifeguard course. This is to ensure they are able to help prevent or assist in emergencies by calling on their knowledge of one consistent set of priorities in a medical emergency situation.

The BLS/first aid/emergency response/CPR curriculum shall be approved by DCAS as part of the lifeguard qualification or taught by a DCAS-approved training centre. No matter how the approved course is named, it should cover the following skills:

Skills to be assessed/trained on:

  • scene assessment
  • barrier use/Standard Precautions
  • primary assessment
  • adult, child and infant CPR, Artificial resuscitation (Rescue Breathing) including 2-person CPR and the use of resuscitation mask
  • conscious and unconscious (FBAO(foreign body airway obstruction)) choking adult, child and infants
  • serious bleeding management
  • shock management
  • spinal cord injury management-inland (this skill shall be retaught again for in-water rescue using a spine board)
  • automated external defibrillator
  • emergency oxygen use (as per DCAS classification)
  • injury assessment and response
  • illness assessment and response
  • basic bandaging techniques
  • immobilisation in case of dislocations or fractures

If the lifeguard candidate has a first aid/CPR prequalification/certification, the previous skills may be assessed individually or combined in a scenario(s) or can be taught again according to the training organisation's preference.


The theory part of the training may include but will not be limited to incident management, incident prevention, hazard recognition & basic risk assessment, equipment used, communications and signals.

The following practical skills shall be taught in shallow water and pools and on beaches as applicable (in any case the CB shall specify the skills in each category and methods of teaching for each skill that should be taught by their authorised instructor (within their approved training centre):

  • Basic water rescue skills: Effective water entry with or without equipment.
  • Assists and rescues: Effective water rescue skills on the surface, below the surface and on the bottom for conscious and unconscious persons and suspected spinal injury rescues.
  • Escapes: Front and rear escapes.
  • Inland casualty care: Using skills taught in the BLS/first aid approved portion.

For information regarding learning outcomes, please contact your Highfield centre manager.